GangXu,YilinWang,QinghuaWang and JianpengMa
Correspondingauthor:Jianpeng Ma,Multiscale Research Institute of Complex Systems,Fudan University,Shanghai,200433,China.
Protein side chains are vitally important to many biological processes such as protein–protein interaction. In this study, we evaluate the performance of our previous released side-chain modeling method OPUS-Mut, together with some other methods, on three oligomer datasets, CASP14 (11), CAMEO-Homo (65) and CAMEO-Hetero (21). The results show that OPUS-Mut outperforms other methods measured by all residues or by the interfacial residues. We also demonstrate our method on evaluating protein–protein docking pose on a dataset Oligomer-Dock (75) created using the top 10 predictions from ZDOCK 3.0.2. Our scoring function correctly identifies the native pose as the top-1 in 45 out of 75 targets. Different from traditional scoring functions, our method is based on the overall side-chain packing favorableness in accordance with the local packing environment. It emphasizes the significance of side chains and provides a new and effective scoring term for studying protein–protein interaction.